James Weldon Johnson Professor; Associate Professor of Social Work; Director of the MSW Program and The Center for Health and Aging Innovation
Areas of Expertise: Gerontology and productive aging: employment, volunteering, and caregiving; health equity; discrimination and prejudice; intergenerational research; cross-national aging research; social policy
Ernest Gonzales is NYU’s James Weldon Johnson Professor of Social Work, Associate Professor of Social Work, Director of the MSW Program, and Director of The Center for Health and Aging Innovation at NYU Silver School of Social Work. He is a scholar in the areas of productive aging (employment, volunteering, and caregiving), equity, discrimination, intergenerational scholarship, and social policy. His research advances our understanding of social structures that optimize the ability to live a long, healthy, and meaningful life.
The National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institute on Aging, U.S. Social Security Administration, AARP Foundation, The Eisner Foundation, Fan Fox and Samuels Foundation, and other public and private funders have supported his research. Dr. Gonzales publishes in leading scientific journals and serves on several editorial boards. He reviews grants for the National Institute on Aging, as well as other international federal agencies and foundations.
By invitation, Dr. Gonzales has served as content expert for the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM), Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (DBASSE) and National Science Foundation. He provided testimony on productive aging to the United States Senate, debated paradigms on aging at The World Bank, and gave talks at leading institutions such as The United Nations, Harvard University, Stanford University, MIT, among others.
He is the Co-Lead of the American Academy of Social Work & Social Welfare’s Grand Challenge on Advancing Long, Healthy, and Productive Lives. He is also a Senior Fellow of the NYU Aging Incubator, a university-wide initiative bringing together faculty and students from across the University from all disciplines who are involved in the study of aging and its impact on society. He works closely with Generations United, is a board member to CoGenerate, and is a member of The Sloan Research Network on Aging & Work, Society for Social Work and Research, the Association for Latina/o Social Work Educators, and Gerontological Society of America.
He has received many awards and honors for his outstanding leadership and scholarship benefiting older adults and youth, such as from Generations United, The School of Aging Studies and Florida Policy Exchange Center on Aging from the University of South Florida. Prior to coming to NYU Silver, Dr. Gonzales was an Assistant Professor at Boston University’s School of Social Work where he received the Peter T. Paul Career Development Award, a highly competitive and prestigious honor. During his doctoral studies, he received the Brown School of Social Work’s Dissertation Award and the Teaching Excellence Award for Doctoral Teaching Fellows, The John A. Hartford Pre-Dissertation Fellowship and Dissertation Fellowship, and the Washington University Chancellor’s Fellowship. He received the Rosalyn Tough Award in Sociology from Hunter College while obtaining his Bachelor’s Degree.
Dr. Gonzales is a first-gen Latinx gerontologist. His early life experiences growing up in El Paso, Texas with his loving maternal grandparents, parents, and uncles, inspired him to study how we age in a society that aspires for justice and equity but practices systemic racism, sexism, homophobia, and ageism.
Integrating AASWSW’s Grand Challenges of Productive Aging with Anti-Racism and Health Equity Lenses to Improve Population Health
Gonzales, E., Morrow-Howell, N., Angel, J. L., Fredman, L., Marchiondo, L. A., Harootyan, R. B., Choi, J., Choudhury, N., Carolan, K., Lee, K., Tan, E., Yu, P., Shea, E., Whetung, C. & Matz, C., Jan 1 2023, Social Work and the Grand Challenge to Eliminate Racism: Concepts, Theory, and Evidence Based Approaches. Oxford University Press, p. 235-257 23 p.
Context Matters: Differential Effects of Discrimination by Environmental Context on Depressive Symptoms Among College Students of Color
Eschmann, R., Gryder, R. W., Connaught, G., Zhao, X., Jeon, S. M. & Gonzales, E., Sep 2022, In : Clinical Social Work Journal. 50, 3, p. 242-255 14 p.
Work Demands and Cognitive Health Inequities by Race and Ethnicity: A Scoping Review
Gonzales, E., Whetung, C., Lee, Y. J. & Kruchten, R., Jun 1 2022, In : Gerontologist. 62, 5, p. E282-E292
Multifaceted Demands of Work and Cognitive Functioning: Findings From the Health and Retirement Study
Lee, Y. J., Gonzales, E. & Andel, R., Feb 1 2022, In : Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 77, 2, p. 351-361 11 p.
Neighborhood Social Cohesion and the Health of Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Older Adults
Lee, Y. J., Braun, K. L., Wu, Y. Y., Hong, S., Gonzales, E., Wang, Y., Hossain, M. D., Terada, T. M. & Browne, C. V., 2022, In : Journal of Gerontological Social Work. 65, 1, p. 3-23 21 p.
Exploring the Consequences of Major Lifetime Discrimination, Neighborhood Conditions, Chronic Work, and Everyday Discrimination on Health and Retirement
Gonzales, E., Lee, Y. J. & Marchiondo, L. A., Feb 2021, In : Journal of Applied Gerontology. 40, 2, p. 121-131 11 p.
Acknowledging Systemic Discrimination in the Context of a Pandemic: Advancing an Anti-Racist and Anti-Ageist Movement
Gonzales, E., Gordon, S., Whetung, C., Connaught, G., Collazo, J. & Hinton, J., 2021, In : Journal of Gerontological Social Work. 64, 3, p. 223-237 15 p.
Introduction to Special Issue: Productive Aging
Gonzales, E., Matz, C. & Morrow-Howell, N., Jun 1 2020, In : Clinical Social Work Journal. 48, 2, p. 153-155 3 p.
Theoretical Orientations to Intergenerational Home Sharing: Implications for Direct Social Work Practice on Addressing Student Debt and Aging-in-Community
Gonzales, E., Whetung, C., Kruchten, R. & Butts, D., Jun 1 2020, In : Clinical Social Work Journal. 48, 2, p. 179-188 10 p.
Voices from the Field: Ecological Factors that Promote Employment and Health Among Low-Income Older Adults with Implications for Direct Social Work Practice
Gonzales, E., Lee, K. & Harootyan, B., Jun 1 2020, In : Clinical Social Work Journal. 48, 2, p. 211-222 12 p.
Institutional and individual factors affecting health and employment for low-income women with chronic health conditions
Carolan, K., Gonzales, E., Lee, K. & Harootyan, R. A., Apr 16 2020, In : Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 75, 5, p. 1062-1071 10 p.
Utilization of Formal and Informal Home Care: How Do Older Canadians’ Experiences Vary by Care Arrangements?
Lee, Y., Barken, R. & Gonzales, E., Feb 1 2020, In : Journal of Applied Gerontology. 39, 2, p. 129-140 12 p.
Interactive Effects of Chronic Health Conditions And Financial Hardship On Episodic Memory Among Older Blacks: Findings From The Health And Retirement Study
Byrd, D. A. R., Gonzales, E., Beatty Moody, D. L., Marshall, G. L., Zahodne, L. B., Thorpe, R. J. & Whitfield, K. E., Jan 2 2020, In : Research in Human Development. 17, 1, p. 41-56 16 p.
Trajectories of perceived workplace age discrimination and long-term associations with mental, self-rated, and occupational health
Marchiondo, L. A., Gonzales, E. & Williams, L. J., May 2019, In : Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 74, 4, p. 655-663 9 p.
Examining the prevalence, risk and protective factors to family caregiving in China: findings from CHARLS
Wang, Y. & Gonzales, E., Jan 2 2019, In : China Journal of Social Work. 12, 1, p. 3-19 17 p.
Beyond the Livelong Workday: Is There a New Face of Retirement?
James, J. B., Morrow-Howell, N., Gonzales, E., Matz-Costa, C. & Riddle-Wilder, A., Jan 1 2019, Current and Emerging Trends in Aging and Work. Springer International Publishing, p. 355-374 20 p.
Intersections of Home, Health, and Social Engagement in Old Age: Formal Volunteering as a Protective Factor to Health After Relocation
Gonzales, E., Shen, H. W., Perry, T. E. & Wang, Y., Jan 1 2019, In : Research on Aging. 41, 1, p. 31-53 23 p.
Volunteering and Health among Older Adults.
Gonzales, E., Suntai, Z. & Abrams, J., 2019. Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging. Gu, Danan & Dupre, Matthew E. (eds.).Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Further Investigations of the Social and Material Convoy: Exploring Relationships between Race, Volunteering, and Relocation
Perry, T. E., Shen, H. W. & Gonzales, E., Dec 1 2018, In : Social Work Research. 42, 4, p. 290-301 12 p.
Formal volunteering as a protector of health in the context of social losses
Jang, H., Tang, F., Gonzales, E., Lee, Y. S. & Morrow-Howell, N., Nov 17 2018, In : Journal of Gerontological Social Work. 61, 8, p. 834-848 15 p.
Advance long and productive lives
Morrow-Howell, N., Gonzales, E., James, J. B., Matz-Costa, C. & Putnam, M., Jan 1 2018, Grand Challenges for Social Work and Society. Oxford University Press, p. 81-102 22 p.
Social Capital and Unretirement: Exploring the Bonding, Bridging, and Linking Aspects of Social Relationships
Gonzales, E. & Nowell, W. B., Dec 1 2017, In : Research on Aging. 39, 10, p. 1100-1117 18 p.
Applying WHO’s Age-Friendly Communities Framework to a National Survey in China
Wang, Y., Gonzales, E. & Morrow-Howell, N., Apr 3 2017, In : Journal of Gerontological Social Work. 60, 3, p. 215-231 17 p.
Approaches, Policies, and Practices to Support the Productive Engagement of Older Adults
Morrow-Howell, N., Gonzales, E. G., Harootyan, R. A., Lee, Y. & Lindberg, B. W., Apr 3 2017, In : Journal of Gerontological Social Work. 60, 3, p. 193-200 8 p.
The Aging Semantic Differential in Mandarin Chinese: Measuring Attitudes toward Older Adults in China
Gonzales, E., Marchiondo, L. A., Tan, J., Wang, Y. & Chen, H., Apr 3 2017, In : Journal of Gerontological Social Work. 60, 3, p. 245-254 10 p.
Chronic noncommunicable diseases in 6 low- and middle-income countries: Findings from wave 1 of the world health organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE)
Arokiasamy, P., Uttamacharya, Kowal, P., Capistrant, B. D., Gildner, T. E., Thiele, E., Biritwum, R. B., Yawson, A. E., Mensah, G., Maximova, T., Wu, F., Guo, Y., Zheng, Y., Kalula, S. Z., Rodríguez, A. S., Espinoza, B. M., Liebert, M. A., Eick, G., Sterner, K. N., Barrett, T. M. & 11 others, Mar 15 2017, In : American Journal of Epidemiology. 185, 6, p. 414-428 15 p.
Back to work? Not everyone. Examining the longitudinal relationships between informal caregiving and paid work after formal retirement
Gonzales, E., Lee, Y. & Brown, C., 2017, In : Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 72, 3, p. 532-539 8 p.
Development and Validation of the Workplace Age Discrimination Scale
Marchiondo, L. A., Gonzales, E. & Ran, S., Dec 1 2016, In : Journal of Business and Psychology. 31, 4, p. 493-513 21 p.
Race and Place: Exploring the Intersection of Inequity and Volunteerism Among Older Black and White Adults
Gonzales, E., Shen, H. W., Wang, Y., Martinez, L. S. & Norstrand, J., Jul 3 2016, In : Journal of Gerontological Social Work. 59, 5, p. 381-400 20 p.
Working longer: A comparative perspective
Gonzales, E., 2016, In : The Gerontologist..
Challenging Gerontophobia and Ageism Through a Collaborative Intergenerational Art Program
Rubin, S. E., Gendron, T. L., Wren, C. A., Ogbonna, K. C., Gonzales, E. G. & Peron, E. P., Jul 3 2015, In : Journal of Intergenerational Relationships. 13, 3, p. 241-254 14 p.
Increasing opportunities for the productive engagement of older adults: A response to population aging
Gonzales, E., Matz-Costa, C. & Morrow-Howell, N., Apr 2015, In : Gerontologist. 55, 2, p. 252-261 10 p.
Workplace Policies and Practices.
Gonzales, E., 2015. Financial capability across the Life-Course. New York: Oxford University Press
Career Transitions in Midlife: Pursuing an MSW as an Older Student
Gonzales, E., Morrow-Howell, N., Daftary, D., Stafford, R. & Echols, J., Apr 2014, In : Gerontology and Geriatrics Education. 35, 2, p. 134-151 18 p.
Stipends in Volunteer Civic Service: Inclusion, Retention, and Volunteer Benefits
Mcbride, A. M., Gonzales, E., Morrow-Howell, N. & Mccrary, S., Nov 2011, In : Public Administration Review. 71, 6, p. 850-858 9 p.
Volunteer transitions among older adults: The role of human, social, and cultural capital in later life
McNamara, T. K. & Gonzales, E., Jul 2011, In : Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 66 B, 4, p. 490-501 12 p.
Assessment of the refined aging semantic differential: Recommendations for enhancing validity
Gonzales, E., Tan, J. & Morrow-Howell, N., May 2010, In : Journal of Gerontological Social Work. 53, 4, p. 304-318 15 p.
Changing medical students' attitudes toward older adults
Gonzales, E., Morrow-Howell, N. & Gilbert, P., 2010, In : Gerontology and Geriatrics Education. 31, 3, p. 220-234 15 p.
Productive engagement in aging-friendly communities
Gonzales, E. & Morrow-Howell, N., Sep 1 2009, In : Generations. 33, 2, p. 51-58 8 p.
Selected Media Mentions
Senate committee examines economic barriers facing older Americans
April 20, 2023
NPR’s Here & Now
This student pays $300 in rent to live by the beach. Her secret? Home sharing with an older adult
November 22, 2022
Stanford Social Innovation Review
Building University Capacity for Intergenerational Home-Sharing
May 24, 2021
Social Work Advocates
Aging in America: Staying Active and Involved is Key to Productive Aging
December 2019/January 2020
The New York Times
Fostering Connections Between Young and Old
June 5, 2018